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Anders Bekeken

Maasheggengebied in Noord Brabant Erkend Biosfeergebied by UNESCO

Geschreven op 25-7-2018 - Erik van Erne. Geplaatst in Natuur Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedintumblrmail

Maasheggen natuurgebied in Noord-Brabant heeft een plek gekregen op de lijst met erkende biosfeergebieden van UNESCO. Het cultuurlandschap is het tweede gebied in Nederland met deze erkenning, nadat het Waddengebied die status in 1986 al kreeg.

De Maasheggen is het grootste heggenlandschap en oudste cultuurlandschap van Nederland. Het gebied omvat ongeveer 275 kilometer heggen op een oppervlakte van circa 2.000 hectare. Karakteristiek is de verdeling van het landschap in een groot aantal kleine landbouwpercelen die van elkaar zijn gescheiden door meidoornheggen.

“Biosfeergebieden van Unesco zijn geen natuurgebieden die de mens met rust moet laten. De status biedt juist kans om het Maasheggengebied verder duurzaam te ontwikkelen”, reageert voorzitter Andrée van Es van Unesco Nederland op de erkenning. Wereldwijd staan ruim 650 biosfeergebieden op de lijst van UNESCO.

Zie ook: UNESCO zet Waddenzee op de Werelderfgoedlijst – UNESCO World Heritage: Amsterdamse Grachtengordel benoemd tot Werelderfgoed – Inspirerend Portret van Duurzame Pioniers in de Unesco-polder De Beemster: Beemsterbronnen

This agricultural river landscape in the Meuse valley, in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands, has been shaped by continuous interaction between people and nature. The site is used for hay meadows and includes the oldest and largest network of natural hedges in the Netherlands. The landscape comprises a mosaic of small agricultural fields enclosed by hedges, sand dunes, forests, lakes, wet meadows and reed beds. The plan is to use the biosphere reserve as a laboratory for sustainable development and tourism.

16 Reacties

  1. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:01 | Permalink

    Ponga, Spain by UNESCO

    This remote area of sparsely populated mountains and forests is located on the northern slopes of the Cordillera Cantabrica, in the Asturias. The area is renowned for its steep terrain with altitudes ranging from 213 to 2142 metres above sea level. Deep green valleys climb to vertiginous peaks, passing through extensive beech forests. The majority of the vegetation consists of mixed deciduous woodlands, composed of species such as sycamore, alder, ash, chestnut, oak and hazel. The region contains many animal species, a large number of which are protected, notably the brown bear, the western capercaillie, the grey wolf and golden eagle.

  2. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:03 | Permalink

    Mountainous Urals, Russian Federation by UNESCO

    Located in the Southern Urals, this biosphere reserve is covered with mixed coniferous and broad-leaved forests as well as mixed coniferous small-leaved forests and mountain taiga spruce-fir forests. Mountain ranges (with summits of 800 m to 1,178 m) and mountain valleys are interconnected by boulder streams. The western part of the reserve is low altitude. While the eastern part alternates between sloping mountain ridge elevations and depressions covered with lakes and deeply incised swampy valleys. About 12,000 people inhabit the site, whose main objective is to transition from extractive industries to a sustainable development model based on biological natural resource management, tourism and the rehabilitation of landscapes scarred by mining.

  3. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:05 | Permalink

    Quirimbas, Mozambique by UNESCO

    Located in Cabo Delgado province, in the north of the country, the site consists of 11 islands, a combination of marine parks and a freshwater system including the Montepuez river and Lake Bilibiza, a bird sanctuary. The islands support 3,000 floral species, of which 1,000 are endemic, and a rich fauna that includes 23 species of reptiles, 447 species of birds and 46 species of terrestrial mammals including four of the “big five” (elephant, lion, buffalo and leopard), as well as eight species of marine mammals including whales and dolphins. The main economic activities are fishing, animal husbandry, tourism, arts and crafts and sea transport.

  4. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:06 | Permalink

    Mount Kumgang, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea by UNESCO

    The biosphere reserve is located in the middle of the Great Paektu Mountain Range, in the south-east of the country, and includes adjacent marine areas to the east. Mount Kumgang is a forest-oriented ecosystem linked to coastal, agricultural and freshwater ecosystems. It is home to many endemic and rare species of global significance. The coastal area and natural lakes form the habitats of migratory birds that use the East Asia-Australasian Migratory Pathway. The main economic activities on the site are fishing, agriculture and forestry.

  5. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:08 | Permalink

    Lower Prut, Republic of Moldova by UNESCO

    Located in the south of the country, this biosphere reserve encompasses the Prut River and floodplain lakes. Two-thirds of the surface of the area is occupied by Lake Beleu. A wetland area extends along the Prut River, covering a mosaic of water, meadow and forest ecosystems. The main economic activity is agriculture, which provides 90% of the inhabitant’s income.

  6. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:09 | Permalink

    Suncheon Biosphere Reserve, Republic of Korea by UNESCO

    Situated on the southern tip of the Korean Peninsula, the biosphere reserve includes the terrestrial ecosystems surrounding Suncheon City (centred on Mount Mohusan and Mount Jogyesan), as well as coastal tidal flat wetland ecosystems in Suncheonman Bay. The site’s rich biological resources include crustaceans, fish and shellfish, as well as medicinal herbs, communities of reeds (Phragmites communis) and East Asian Seepweed (Suaeda japonica). The inhabitants – rural, fishing and mountain-dwelling villagers – utilize ecosystem services in their economic activities, which include rice cultivation, medicinal herbs and fruits such as plums and persimmons.

  7. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:11 | Permalink

    Zhongar Biosphere Reserve, Republic of Kazakhstan by UNESCO

    This biosphere reserve is located on the northern slope of the Zhetysu Alataun Ridge and incorporates the entire range of mountain ecosystems characteristic of the Tien Shan mountains and Central Asia. The territory is of global importance as the location of the wild apple gene bank. The main economic sectors are agriculture and the industrial production of sunflower oil, flour and mineral water. Lands are mainly used for grazing and hayfields.

  8. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:12 | Permalink

    Charyn Biosphere Reserve, Republic of Kazakhstan by UNESCO

    Situated in the inter-montane basin of Ili, in the southeast of Kazakhstan, this biosphere reserve unites the canyon-like valley of the Charyn river with relict ash forest, deserts and steppes typical of Central Asia. The floristic diversity includes some 1,000 species of higher vascular plants. The fauna is rich and diverse. While agriculture has long been the main economic activity in the region, tourism has been developing for several years alongside cattle breeding and horticulture.

  9. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:14 | Permalink

    Valle Camonica Alto Sebino, Italy by UNESCO

    The site is located in the eastern part of Lombardy. The area is characterized by typical alpine and pre-alpine valleys, ranging from valley bottom landscapes to the highest peaks of Europe and the Adamello Glacier, and ends in the Iseo Lake, one of Italy’s largest basins. The landscape features rivers and lakes, woods and forests, glaciers, meadows and prairies. Farming and animal husbandry in the region follows ancestral traditions.

  10. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:16 | Permalink

    Monte Peglia, Italy by UNESCO

    The site is located in the centre of Italy at the confluence of two river systems, the Tiber to the east and Paglia to the west. It consists of an extensive forested area and constitutes an important natural pool of fauna, flora and mushroom species in and around this ancient extinct volcano. These natural resources allow for activities compatible with sustainable development.

  11. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:17 | Permalink

    Rinjani Lombok, Indonesia by UNESCO

    The biosphere includes Lombok Island, part of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It consists of relatively flat coastal areas and hilly and mountainous areas. The highest peak is Mount Rinjani, the second highest volcanic mountain in Indonesia (3,726 metres above sea level). It has a very high level of biodiversity, comprising various types of forest vegetation (savannah forest, mountain and lowland rain forest), about 40% of which are primary forests. The inhabitants’ main sources of revenue comes from horticultural (vegetables and fruits), cereal crops (rice), animal husbandry (cows, goats and chickens) and the cultivation of coffee and cacao.

  12. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:20 | Permalink

    Betung Kerihun Danau Sentarum Kapuas Hulu, Indonesia by UNESCO

    Located at the eastern tip of Kalimantan Barat province, on the island of Borneo, the biosphere reserve consists of two national parks, Betung Kerihun and Danau Sentarum. It features unique lowland and mountain tropical rainforests that are home to a great diversity of flora and fauna.

  13. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:21 | Permalink

    Berbak Sembilang, Indonesia by UNESCO

    Located on the south-east coast of Sumatra, this biosphere reserve includes Berbak and Sembilang national parks as well as two wildlife reserves. It contains undisturbed swamp forest peat ecosystems as well as freshwater swamp forests, mangroves and lowland forests surrounding riverbanks with swamps that reach a depth of up to 10 metres. Palm oil plantations, rubber, traditional agriculture (rice fields, dry fields etc) and timber are the main economic activities.

  14. Erik van Erne zegt:

    28 juli 2018 om 18:22 | Permalink

    Mount Huangshan, China by UNESCO

    This biosphere reserve is located in the hilly region of Nanling Range in south-east China. It has been a World Heritage site since 1990 and harbours a forest ecosystem almost unchanged since the last glacial period. Mount Huangshan has become a sanctuary for many ancient animal and plant species since the Quaternary glacial period. The area thus serves as an important germplasm bank and a hotspot for animal and plant biodiversity. This biosphere reserve is also an important water source for the Xin’An, Qing Yi and Qiupu river systems.

  15. Erik van Erne zegt:

    31 juli 2018 om 16:36 | Permalink

    Wadi Wurayah, United Arab Emirates by UNESCO

    Situated in the Emirate of Fujairah, the biosphere reserve consists of a water catchment area in an arid climate that is part of the Haiar mountain range. The site hosts a rich fauna and flora endemic to the Arabian Peninsula. It is one of the last Emirati places where traditional farming practices are still maintained.

  16. Erik van Erne zegt:

    31 juli 2018 om 16:38 | Permalink

    Gombe Masito Ugalla, United Republic of Tanzania by UNESCO

    The biosphere reserve, a major site for Chimpanzee research, includes the Gombe National Park, forest land reserves and part of Lake Tanganyika. Faunal species present in the area include African elephants, ornate frogs and eight primate species. Its flora includes a species discovered in, and named after, Gombe (Pleiotaxis gombensis). The biodiversity of Lake Tanganyika includes over 300 fish species, 250 bird species, and reptiles such as the water cobra and the Tanganyika water snake.

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