Anders Bekeken

100 Places To Remember: The North Pole and The Arctic Ocean

Geschreven op 5-2-2010 - Erik van Erne. Geplaatst in Natuur Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedintumblrmail

100places to rememberGreetings from the Top of the World. Until relatively recently, the Arctic Ocean remained unexplored. The lack of knowledge about what lay north of the shifting barriers of ice led to conjecture and speculation, nourishing persistent myths about an open polar sea. However, as explorers inched further and further towards the pole, it became obvious that the ice cover was in fact massive and permanent all year round.

Occupying an almost circular basin of about 14,056,000 square kilometres at the top of the world, the Arctic Ocean is surrounded by the land masses of Euroasia, North America and Greenland, as well as several smaller islands.
The Norwegian explorer and scientist Fridtjof Nansen was the first person to cross the Arctic Ocean. He spent more than three years there from 1893 to 1896 but never reached the North Pole latitude 90° North getting only as far as 86°14N. At the time, this was further north than anyone had ever been before. More than 70 years would pass before a dog sled expedition led by the British polar explorer Sir Wally Herbert crossed the entire frozen Arctic Ocean from Alaska to Svalbard and, in April 1969, reached the northernmost point on Earth. This epic crossing of more than 5,800 km is considered the last great journey on Earth.

Every summer, the Arctic sea ice breaks up and partially melts. In the last decade, global warming has caused the summer melting of the North Pole to break all records, and the sea ice cover has retreated much faster than had previously been predicted. If the trend continues at the same rate, it is thought summers at the North Pole could be completely ice-free by as early as 2013.

Currently, none of the five countries surrounding the Arctic Ocean – Russia, Norway, Denmark/Greenland, Canada and the USA – owns the North Pole region. The area is believed to hold significant reserves of oil, gas and minerals. As the sea ice melts and the underground becomes accessible, disputes will arise over who is entitled to its resources, disputes that could potentially trigger confrontations.

Plaats zelf een reactie:

(U heeft ruimte voor 400 tekens)

Categorieën

  • Afval (648)
  • Agenda (3.123)
  • Barack Obama (116)
  • Biologisch (118)
  • Blog Action Day (57)
  • Bouwen-Klussen (797)
  • Communicatie (375)
  • Cradle to Cradle – Circulair (490)
  • Design (233)
  • Dieren (176)
  • Donald Trump (3)
  • Duurzaam (2.268)
  • Educatie (346)
  • EEN-Armoede (253)
  • Energie en Besparing (3.307)
  • Europa (29)
  • Evenementen (167)
  • Geluid (26)
  • Gezondheid (304)
  • Goed Doel (119)
  • Green Deal (30)
  • Greenwashing (117)
  • Hergebruik-Kringloop (318)
  • Iets anders (368)
  • Int. Samenwerking (191)
  • Investeren (136)
  • Kerst (152)
  • Klimaat (1.648)
  • Licht (374)
  • Lucht (33)
  • Mensenrechten (169)
  • Milieu (748)
  • MVO (109)
  • Natuur (729)
  • Nederland (22)
  • Olympische Spelen (67)
  • Oranje (157)
  • Oud & Nieuw (125)
  • Pasen (2)
  • Sinterklaas (25)
  • Sport (220)
  • Vakantie (78)
  • Valentijn (38)
  • Verkiezingen (62)
  • Vervoer en OV (1.312)
  • Vrijwilligerswerk (16)
  • Water (300)
  • Welzijnswerk (30)
  • Recente berichten

  • Heineken Gaat Plastic Afvalberg Op Evenementen Aanpakken: De Heineken Cupholder
  • Beach Food Festival Met Herbruikbare Beker Op Langoed De Bonte Belevenis Texel: Surf & Turf
  • Het Nationaal Binnenvaart Congres 2019: Ontmoet. Ontdek. Ontwikkel.
  • Lingang Songjiang Tech City Rafael Gallery Zonne-Energie PV Modules in Shanghai by Hanergy
  • Het Eerste Offshore Zonne-Energiepark In De Noordzee Bij België by Vlaamse Blauwe Cluster
  • De Koersnota Schone Lucht In Rotterdam: Rotterdam Gaat Luchtkwaliteit Verbeteren
  • Brussel Eerste Gewest In België Met Statiegeld Op Blikjes En Plastic Flesjes
  • De Energieneutrale Naturistencamping De Mierenhoop In Bunne by Lichtbond Noord
  • Rotterdamse Wethouders Krijgen Elektrische BMW 530e Dienstauto
  • Geen Wegwerpplastic Meer In Caribisch Nederland (Saba, Sint Eustatius En Bonaire) In 2021
  • Gemeente Wichelen Investeert In Herbruikbare Bekers Voor Evenementen
  • De Kliekjesdagen In Leiden: Foodtruck Evenement Verkoopt Overgebleven Voedsel
  • Maatschappij In Beweging: Ontwikkelingen In Wonen En Werken En Gevolgen Woon-Werkverkeer
  • Radio Circulair Op RaRaRadio Vanuit Plug In City Strijp-S Eindhoven by Bas Luiting
  • Festival Noorderzon In Groningen Stapt Over Op Herbruikbare Bekers
  • Matrix 1: Duurzaam Kantoren- En Laboratoriumcomplex Amsterdam Sciencepark by MVRDV
  • De IJ Klopper: Fietsspiraal Aan Het IJ in Amsterdam by Syb van Breda & Co Architects
  • Tesla And Elon Musk: The Future Of Electric Cars by DW Documentary
  • Charging In Europe 2019: Official Mini Documentary by Dave & Jelle
  • Circulaire Centrale Het Swettehûs In Fryslân: Voor Afstandsbediening 40 Friese Bruggen
  • Links

    Milieunet op..