Anders Bekeken

Renewables 2010: Global Status Report by REN21

Geschreven op 5-1-2008 - Erik van Erne. Geplaatst in Duurzaam, Energie en Besparing Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedintumblrmail

REN2125-10-2010: In 2009, governments stepped up efforts to steer their countries out of recession by transforming industries and creating jobs. This gave a boost to the renewable energy sector.

The year 2009 was unprecedented in the history of renewable energy, despite the headwinds posed by the global financial crisis, lower oil prices, and slow progress with climate policy. Indeed, as other economic sectors declined around the world, existing renewable capacity continued to grow at rates close to those in previous years, including grid-connected solar PV (53 percent), wind power (32 percent), solar hot water/heating (21 percent), geothermal power (4 percent), and hydropower (3 percent). Annual production of ethanol and biodiesel increased 10 percent and 9 percent, respectively, despite layoffs and ethanol plant closures in the United States and Brazil.

Highlights of 2009 include: For the second year in a row, in both the United States and Europe, more renewable power capacity was added than conventional power capacity (coal, gas, nuclear). Renewables accounted for 60 percent of newly installed power capacity in Europe in 2009, and nearly 20 percent of annual power production.

China added 37 GW of renewable power capacity, more than any other country in the world, to reach 226 GW of total renewables capacity. Globally, nearly 80 GW of renewable capacity was added, including 31 GW of hydro and 48 GW of non-hydro capacity.

Wind power additions reached a record high of 38 GW. China was the top market, with 13.8 GW added, representing more than one-third of the world market—up from just a 2 percent market share in 2004. The United States was second, with 10 GW added. The share of wind power generation in several countries reached record highs, including 6.5 percent in Germany and 14 percent in Spain.

Solar PV additions reached a record high of 7 GW. Germany was the top market, with 3.8 GW added, or more than half the global market. Other large markets were Italy, Japan, the United States, Czech Republic, and Belgium. Spain, the world leader in 2008, saw installations plunge to a low level in 2009 after a policy cap was exceeded.

Many countries saw record biomass use. Notable was Sweden, where biomass accounted for a larger share of energy supply than oil for the first time.

Biofuels production contributed the energy equivalent of 5 percent of world gasoline output.

Almost all renewable energy industries experienced manufacturing growth in 2009, despite the continuing global economic crisis, although many capital expansion plans were scaled back or postponed. Impaired access to equity markets, difficulty in obtaining finance, and industry consolidations negatively affected almost all companies.

Nearly 11 GW of solar PV was produced, a 50-percent increase over 2008. First Solar (USA) became the first firm ever to produce over 1 GW in a single year. Major crystalline module price declines took place, by 50–60 percent by some estimates, from highs of $3.50 per watt in 2008 to lows approaching $2 per watt.

Wind power received more than 60 percent of utilityscale renewables investment in 2009 (excluding small projects), due mostly to rapid expansion in China.

Investment totals in utility-scale solar PV declined relative to 2008, partly an artifact of large drops in the costs of solar PV. However, this decline was offset by record investment in small-scale (rooftop) solar PV projects.

Investment in new biofuels plants declined from 2008 rates, as corn ethanol production capacity was not fully utilized in the United States and several firms went bankrupt. The Brazilian sugar ethanol industry likewise faced economic troubles, with no growth despite ongoing expansion plans. Europe faced similar softening in biodiesel, with low production capacity utilization.

“Green stimulus” efforts since late-2008 by many of the world’s major economies totaled close to $200 billion, although most stimulus was slow to start and less than 10 percent of green stimulus funds was spent during 2009.

By early 2010, more than 100 countries had some type of policy target and/or promotion policy related to renewable energy; this compares with 55 countries in early 2005. Wind power and solar PV additions reached a record high during 2009, and in both Europe and the United States, renewables accounted for over half of newly installed power capacity in 2009. More than $150 billion was invested in new renewable energy capacity and manufacturing plants—up from just $30 billion in 2004. For the second year in a row, more money was invested in new renewable energy capacity than in new fossil fuel capacity. Full Global Status Report (PDF)

In October this year, the Government of India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy will host the 4th in a series of international renewable energy conferences that date back to 2004, and that bring together thousands of government representatives and stakeholders from around the world. The Delhi International Renewable Energy Conference (DIREC) 2010 will showcase broad, high-level commitment to the deployment of renewable energy as a key strategy for dealing with sustainable development, energy access, and climate change.

Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century: REN21 convenes international multi-stakeholder leadership to enable a rapid global transition to renewable energy. It promotes appropriate policies that increase the wise use of renewable energies in developing and industrialized economies. Open to a wide variety of dedicated stakeholders, REN21 connects governments, international institutions, nongovernmental organizations, industry associations, and other partnerships and initiatives.

investments-renewable-energy.JPG5-01-2008: De investeringen in duurzame energie opwekking zitten in de lift. Dat blijkt uit een recente rapportage van het Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21). Zo op het eerste gezicht ziet het grafiekje er mooi uit, maar als we eens even wat nauwgezetter naar het cijfermateriaal kijken dan valt op dat wereldwijd pas 200 GigaWatt aan energie op een duurzame manier wordt opgewekt.

En het zo verguisde China blijkt meer duurzame energie op te wekken dan de United States. Europa moet het vooral hebben van Duitsland en Spanje en met het opwekken van duurzame energie in Nederland is het voorlopig nog triest gesteld.

Wellicht kan de nieuwe subsidieregeling waar iedereen in Nederland met spanning op wacht een impuls geven. Persoonlijk zie ik toch meer in een National Sustainability Fund waarmee duurzame energieopwekking snel kan worden gestimuleerd. De kennis is er, de techniek is er, dus waar wachten we nog op.

renewable-energy.JPG

Laten we maar hopen dat er niet eerst een ramp moet gebeuren zoals in de klimaatfilm The Day after Tomorrow die gisteravond op de televisie te zien was.

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