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Anders Bekeken

Africa-EU Energy Partnership: Renewable Energy Cooperation Programme 2010-2020

Geschreven op 15-9-2010 - Erik van Erne. Geplaatst in Energie en Besparing, Europa, Int. Samenwerking Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedintumblrmail

Africa-EU Partnership-1Update 7 December 2020: Today, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) launched a new partnership initiative to strengthen the capacity of Africa CDC to prepare for and respond to public health threats in Africa.

The four-year project ‘EU for health security in Africa: ECDC for Africa CDC’, funded by the EU, will also facilitate harmonised surveillance and disease intelligence, and support the implementation of the public health workforce strategy of Africa CDC.

Through this partnership, Africa CDC and ECDC will be able to exchange experiences and lessons learnt from working with African and European Member States on the continental harmonised surveillance of infectious diseases, data sharing, and early detection of threats, as well as on preparedness, risk assessment, rapid response, and emergency operations, and on how to adapt these to their needs. Capacity-building components in these areas of work will be integrated into the existing Africa CDC initiatives and strategies to support the African health security framework.

Funded under the European Development Fund, the project includes a contribution agreement with ECDC of €9 million and a complementary grant to Africa CDC of €1 million to cover staffing costs. This agreement comes into effect on 1 January 2021.

7 December 2020: European Union and African Union join forces to empower a new generation of African research talents . Today, the European Union has announced the launch of the “African Research Initiative for Scientific Excellence” (ARISE) Pilot Programme with a contribution of €25 million.

ARISE will enable early career African scientists in delivering cutting-edge research across Africa. The programme will be implemented by the African Academy of Sciences with the strategic direction of the European Union and the African Union.

Through the programme, 40 young and emerging African research talents, early career scientists and their ideas, will have the opportunity to be recognised and offered further development opportunities with grants. Beneficiaries will be selected on the basis of scientific excellence in a continent-wide open competition. The programme is in line with the long-standing EU cooperation with the African Union under the High-Level Policy Dialogue on Science, Technology and Innovation. Since 2010, the Dialogue is the platform for regular exchanges on research and innovation policy, with the aim to formulate and implement jointly long-term priorities to strengthen Africa-Europe cooperation.

2 December 2020: New Africa-Europe Foundation and five Strategy Groups launched to enhance a common vision for a strengthened partnership. Today, the Africa-Europe Foundation was established by Friends of Europe and the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, in partnership with ONE and the Africa Climate Foundation.

The opening ceremony was attended by various personalities from both continents, including the President of the Republic of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, and Commissioner for International Partnerships, Jutta Urpilainen. The Foundation is an independent forum, driving fresh policy thinking and strategic foresight across inter-connected sectors of cooperation.

Commissioner for International Partnerships, Jutta Urpilainen, said: “We welcome this initiative, which contributes to opening up the Africa-Europe partnership to new and diverse actors. I am glad to see it bringing together representatives of leading foundations and think-tanks as well as younger generations, women and men, Europeans and Africans, forming an influential network that will feed ideas, strategic and operational, into EU – Africa relations.”

The European Commission is working with a consortium made up of Friends of Europe, the Mo Ibrahim Foundation and Ipemed to establish five Strategy Groups on Health, Digital, Agriculture and Sustainable Food Systems, Energy, and Transport and Connectivity. The Strategy Groups will bring a variety of actors and stakeholders together to discuss major challenges, globally as well as regionally, affecting both Africa and Europe. The five areas of focus feature prominently in the Joint Communication of 9 March “Towards a comprehensive strategy with Africa” making the Africa-Europe Foundation Strategy Groups well aligned with the EU’s strategic approach for a strengthened partnership with Africa.

21 January 2020: EU mobilises €82.5 million to strengthen cooperation with Africa in digital and space technology. The EU has announced today €82.5 million for six new projects under the Pan-African Programme to strengthen its cooperation with Africa in multiple sectors, including sustainable resource management, regional integration and trade, air transport and digitalisation.

Many of the new projects share the innovative use of digital technologies or space applications, such as satellite imagery, to contribute to sustainable economic growth and climate action in Africa.

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA)
The EU will strengthen its support to intercontinental economic integration. €32 million will go towards supporting the ongoing negotiations on trade protocols, implementation and establishment of AfCFTA as envisaged by the African Union. This includes assistance to the African Trade Observatory, making trade data and analysis available to African policymakers and the private sector. The initiative is expected to create the largest free trade area in the world and will provide a major increase in intra-African trade and trade between Africa and Europe. This brings the total support for AfCFTA to €72.5 million for the period of 2014-2020.

Food security and ecosystem monitoring using space technology
Another €25 million from the package will be used to support the second phase of the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security & Africa programme. This programme supplies Earth Observation data related to land, water, marine and coastal areas, using space technology offered by the Copernicus programme. The programme will contribute to food security and building resilient ecosystems, for example through flood and land degradation monitoring. During phase one of the project, worth €26.5 million between 2017-2021, efforts took place across 47 African countries to increase access and processing of data, for instance through capacity building, installation of stations and development of applications. The second phase (2022-2025) aims to support Regional Economic Communities, African governments, scientific communities and African citizens make effective use of Earth Observation data to contribute to sustainable management of natural resources and tackling climate change.

Sustainable management and governance of natural resources using geoscientific data
The EU will allocate an additional €8 million to the Pan-African Support to Geological Sciences and Technology Africa – EU Partnership (2021-2023). The project will increase access to geoscientific data and improve the capacity of the African Geological Surveys. This will contribute to sustainable management and better governance of natural resources in Africa. Under the first phase of the project, with a budget of €9 million between 2017-2019, more than 1,000 people from 49 African countries were trained in geoscientific knowledge and skills, such as mineral resource assessment, artisanal and small-scale mining, geohazards and geoheritage.

Digitalisation and knowledge sharing
The EU will support the recently launched Africa-Europe Digital for Development Hub with €8 million. The Hub will facilitate knowledge sharing and structured dialogue between African and EU partners to boost the digital transformation, one of the EU’s key geopolitical priorities.
Safer aviation infrastructure using satellite systems
Another €5 million will be allocated to accelerate the Single African Air Transport Market. This programme will support the African Civil Aviation Commission and African states in implementing the single aviation market. The funds will be invested in satellite systems for safer aviation infrastructure.

Support the modernisation of air navigation systems
The EU will contribute an additional €4.5 million to ensure a third phase of the Satellite Navigation in Africa Support Programme starting in 2021 for 48 months. The project supports the development of air transportation in Africa through the modernisation of air navigation systems. For example, in developing Global Navigation Satellite System and implementing European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Services across Africa. Previous phases have already contributed to building a long-term strategy for flight safety using satellite-based technology, with a budget of €7.7 million between 2014-2020.

This programme of cooperation is due to contribute to the African renewable energy targets for 2020. It aims at bringing relevant renewable energy technologies to the market in Africa. During the conference, both Commissioners will present the road map developed under the Partnership and the targets for Africa in the fields of energy access, energy security and renewable energy by 2020.

EU Commissioner for Development, Andris Piebalgs said: “Today 1.6 billion people worldwide have no access to electricity, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Poor energy systems undermine growth potential in these countries from 1 to 2%.  We need a reliable source of electricity to fuel development. Africa has a vast untapped renewable energy potential, ranging from hydro, to solar, wind, geothermal and biomass which could be used to ensure millions of people access to electricity. Today’s event is a step stone on the EU and Africa Partnership towards the “renewable revolution”. It will also contribute to Africa’s efforts to reach the Millennium Development Goals and to secure future low-carbon growth”.

EU Commissioner for Energy, Günther Oettinger stated: “Today we have agreed to cooperate closely in order to bring access to  modern and sustainable energy services to at least an additional 100  million Africans; to double the capacity of cross border electricity interconnections within Africa and between Africa and Europe and to  double the use of natural gas in Africa. Indeed, in realising the full potential of its energy resources, Africa can truly fuel the world.

Africa-EU Partnership

The Road Map for the Implementation of the EU-Africa Energy Partnership includes three priority areas and the following targets: Energy access: Africa and the EU will take joint action to bring access to modern and sustainable energy services to at least an additional 100 million Africans by 2020. This will be a contribution to the African objective of giving access to modern and sustainable energy to an additional 250 million people. See also: Africa’s Population Explosion: Africa’s Clean Energy Potential – Future Mega Projects

Energy security: Africa and the EU will take joint action to improve energy security by doubling the capacity of cross-border electricity interconnections and by doubling the use of natural gas in Africa, as well as doubling African gas exports to Europe.

Renewable energy and energy efficiency Africa and the EU will take joint action such as: building 10,000 MW of new hydropower facilities; building at least 5,000 MW of wind power; building 500 MW of solar energy and tripling the capacity of other renewables; increasing energy efficiency in Africa in all sectors.

The Renewable Energy Cooperation Programme cooperation is established for a 10 years period. The programme provides a framework for joint cooperation between EU and the AU which comes in complement to ongoing initiatives such as the EU Africa Infrastructures Trust Fund or the ACP-EU Energy Facility. It will work mainly on a regional and continental level. The proposed planned contribution of €5 million will support a three year start up phase of the programme. It would come from the EC fast-start funding for climate action under the Environment Thematic Programme of the Development Cooperation Instrument. Source: Africa-EU Partnership

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See also: Africa Energy Indaba Conference In Cape Town, South Africa: Energy Solutions For AfricaDii DESERTEC in EUMENA: De Sahara Kan Heel Europa van Duurzame Energie Voorzien – Africa’s Population Explosion: Africa’s Clean Energy Potential – Future Mega Projects – Mena Region can Generate 3 Times more of World Power Demand – The Sahara Solar Breeder Project: 100 GW of Solar Energy in 2050 – Marokko Gaat Voor Mega Zonne-Energiecentrales: Ouarzazate Solar Power Station (OSPS) – Noor I CSP – Spark Africa: Woestijn Algerije Goudmijn voor Zonne-energie

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